HOW TO KEEP CHILDREN ENTERTAINED WHILE IN A STATE OF EMERGENCY

You must organize yourself well

Kako deci osmisliti vreme dok traje vanredno stanje

Childhood is a time to play, socialize, stay outside. However, parents are facing a great challenge these days - how to organize their children's time while staying closed for four days inside four walls. We asked Katarina Pavicevic, phycologist, for advice.

Divide your children 's time into three major parts:
1. for learning;
2. for play or leisure;
3. to do household chores.

CHILDREN UP TO THREE YEARS OLD

The younger the children, the less their everyday life will be affected. If they no longer go to kindergarten, prepare some balls, dices, plush toys, dolls and cars and play with them. Let them run, jump, dance because they need to move, to consume energy. When they get tired, read to them, talk to them, draw, paint, pamper them.

CHILDREN FROM THREE TO SEVEN YEARS OLD

Learning time and playing time are difficult to separate because they learn through play. Their imagination is limitless. You can read or tell stories to them, let them tell you, compile them together ... Useful are "Letter, Letter" and "What can this serve". Play dealer, doctor, school / kindergarten, family, cook lunch, car races, make a home ... Draw and paint. Make plasticine sculptures or knead dough and make cakes. Listen to music, sing, play. Jigsaw puzzles, dice (plain and Lego) should always be at hand. In addition to all educational games, they also need to play ball, dolls and cars as much as possible.

Time to do chores - Use this time to create work habits for children. Have them learn how to fold toys, pack their clothes, make a bed, set a table. These kids are very valuable and when they help, they feel important, responsible and helpful. Enable them to take care of themselves - to use lunch accessories, to put on socks on their own, to fasten buttons, and perhaps to tie shoes.

Possible Difficulties: They will miss staying outside, physical activity, so introduce them to morning and afternoon gymnastics for 10 to 15 minutes. It would be good if they could run around the apartment, or jump out on your bed (ensure the edges don't fall off). Play music and play with them, dance.

Attention of children of this age is short-lived. So, keep at least 2-3 different activities in the reserve that will change as they do not mind quickly getting back to what they did 15 minutes ago. And if nothing works, there's a well-chosen cartoon.

Kako deci osmisliti vreme dok traje vanredno stanje

CHILDREN FROM 1st TO 4th GRADE OF PRIMARY SCHOOL

Learning Time - Distance learning for children this age can be more difficult and demanding. They need someone to directly monitor their work, praise them, correct them ... Write them a weekly activity plan and put it in place. Enter the television classes first, then learn and do the homework, then other responsibilities (such as playing an instrument if they go to music school), then play. You will probably need to study with them - review their homework, listen to them, and maybe explain something to them.

Playtime or Leisure Time - Kids should also rest, and while resting they can read, draw, watch movies. They can tell stories, invent new ones, make different endings of famous fairy tales. They can design puppet or theater performances, concerts, exhibitions. On the Internet you can find how to make paper ornaments, greeting cards or various figures. Dolls, cars and trucks are still important to them and let them play as much as possible. Social games such as "Man, Don't Get Angry", memory and quizzes are useful. Be their chess partner.

Time to do chores - Work on their work habits and catch up if they missed something. Have them take care of their books and toys, arrange their belongings, help you prepare the meal, set the table, clean the house.

Possible difficulties: Older children may miss their friends, let them talk to them on the phone. They may resist doing their homework.

CHILDREN FROM 5th TO 8th GRADE OF PRIMARY SCHOOL

Learning Time - Have them plan their time by themselves, and you monitor and control whether they stick to the plan, check their homework, and listen to them. Long-term motivation to learn can be a problem especially for children in the 6th or 7th grade when puberty begins - the interest in school is weak, so it is necessary to remind them, to push them, and to make them learn.

Playtime or Leisure Time - Social networks and games are the most important and interesting to them. Take advantage of their interests as well. If they like to help you in the kitchen, let them research their favorite dish, write a story about its creation, find recipes and help you prepare it. Have them explore the sights of the place you will be flying to. You do not need to be with them all the time, they like to be alone a little and decide what to do. It is in you to help them when they ask. If they decide to get bored, it's their choice.

Time to do chores - Define their responsibilities and let them do their homework. It is logical for them to take care of their belongings, of their room, to clean and maintain it. And they can help you a little too.

Possible Difficulty: It will be difficult to be away from their peers. Phone and social networks can help. If by now they have no obligation to do their homework, they may react violently, but be persistent.

Even though they are constantly in the house, control and monitor what they do on social networks, what they post, what they comment on, who they are in contact with.

SECONDARY SCHOOLERS

Learning Time - They know how to organize themselves, though it might be a good idea to write down their commitments, as it will be easier to adhere to them. Distance learning will be much easier, but sometimes ask them how they are doing.

Leisure - They can organize their free time themselves. They know what they like and what they don't like and you have to respect it.

Time to Do Homework - They should be able to take care of themselves, their belongings and space (though the issue of room arrangement can be problematic). If they have not acquired these habits by now, it will be difficult now.

Possible difficulties: The most difficult will be separation from friends, inability to engage in hobbies (sports, acting, dancing ...). Social media will mitigate this deficiency a little, but not enough. Talk to them if they want to talk to you about this situation, even though they will confront you and think that they know better.

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